September 27, 2022

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Francis Scott Key awoke aboard a British warship after watching the horrific 25-hour bombardment of Fort McHenry – and was surprised at daybreak to seek out that our flag was nonetheless there on today in historical past, September fifteenth. 14, 1814.

The Baltimore lawyer, in a match of patriotic fervor, after witnessing the relentless naval assault on his American homeland, quickly took up his pen and feverishly sketched his poetic account of the occasion.

We all know his phrases immediately as our nationwide anthem.

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“Rocket crimson mild, bomb burst within the air / Proved all evening that our flag was nonetheless there,” Key wrote over the following two days.

“Oh, inform me this star-studded banner nonetheless flies over the land of the free and the house of the courageous.”

This 1941 stencil illustration of the American flag flying over Fort McHenry relies on Francis Scott Key’s nationwide anthem, The Stars and Stripes.
(GraphicaArtis/Getty Photographs)

Key was thrilled by the dedication of his fellow People because the younger Republic confronted desperation within the Warfare of 1812 and eventual defeat by the hands of the British Empire.

America had been humiliated simply three weeks earlier when British troops sacked and burned Washington, DC, destroying a lot of the White Home and the Capitol in a fiery blaze.

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Key was assured that the American defenses at Fort McHenry, simply 40 miles from the nation’s capital, would collapse below the stress of the assault.

“Mom Earth … spewed shot and projectile right into a veil of fireplace and brimstone.” — Francis Scott Key

“Excellent British weapons bombarded the fort from newly designed bomber ships safely anchored out of vary of the fort’s personal weapons,” the Nationwide Structure Heart wrote of the empire’s firepower.

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“It was as if mom earth had opened up and was spewing pictures and shells right into a veil of fireplace and brimstone,” Key later wrote.

The impossibility of the fort’s survival—and the nation’s vehement refusal to undergo the British at its second of weak spot—fueled Key’s deep patriotic backlash.

Oil on panel portrait of Francis Scott Key (detail).  Attributed to Joseph Wood (1778-1830).  Collection of the Walters Art Museum.

Oil on panel portrait of Francis Scott Key (element). Attributed to Joseph Wooden (1778-1830). Assortment of the Walters Artwork Museum.
(Public area)

“His son-in-law, a militia commander at Fort McHenry, learn Key’s work and distributed it below the title The Protection of Fort M’Henry,” Smithsonian Journal reported in a 2007 report on the Battle of Baltimore.

“The Baltimore Patriot newspaper quickly printed it, and some weeks later Key’s poem, now titled ‘Star Banner’, was in print throughout the nation, immortalizing his phrases and endlessly naming the flag he celebrated.”

Key’s poem turned the nationwide anthem by an Act of Congress signed into regulation by President Herbert Hoover in 1931.

“The crimson mild of the rocket / Bombs within the air / Proving by way of the evening / That our flag continues to be there.”

The true flag hoisted over Fort McHenry at early daybreak on September seventh. 14 immediately holds delight of place within the Nationwide Museum of American Historical past in Washington, DC.

It is named the Nice Garrison Flag.

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The fort’s star-studded banner measured 42 ft by 30 ft and had 15 stars and 15 stripes.

On the very starting of the existence of the nation, it was the customized so as to add each a star and a stripe on the accession of every new state to the Union.

The Star-Spangled Flag or the Great Garrison Flag, the flag flown over Fort McHenry in 1814 and inspired Francis Scott Key;  screen printing, 1926.

The Star-Spangled Flag or the Nice Garrison Flag, the flag flown over Fort McHenry in 1814 and impressed Francis Scott Key; display printing, 1926.
(Picture: GraphicaArtis/Getty Photographs)

Main George Armistead, commander of Fort McHenry, had demanded a large flag fly over the fort a 12 months earlier when the Warfare of 1812 was in full swing, and he was positive it could come below assault sooner or later.

“The job went to 37-year-old widow Mary Pickersgill, a ship and sign flag maker,” the Nationwide Park Service mentioned in a press release to the Grand Garrison Flag story.

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“She was in labor for seven weeks together with her 13-year-old daughter Caroline, two nieces, 13-year-old Eliza Younger and 15-year-old Margaret Younger, 13-year-old African-American contract Grace Wisher and probably her mom, Rebecca Younger, who taught her craft.”

The State of Maryland celebrates the protection of Fort McHenry with Defenders Day each September. 12.

The NPS continued, “They spliced ​​collectively strips of loosely woven English wool buntings after which laid out all the flag on the huge flooring of the brewery close to Mrs. Pickersgill’s home on Pratt Avenue, now the Home Museum of the Star-Spangled Flag.”

Based on the NPS, the smaller flag that flew over the fort in the course of the bombardment has been misplaced to historical past.

Fort McHenry immediately has a particular standing not solely as a nationwide monument, but in addition as a historic shrine of america.

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The State of Maryland celebrates the protection of Fort McHenry with Defenders Day each September. 12.

The Nationwide Park Service celebrated this previous weekend with particular Defenders’ Day occasions at Fort McHenry.

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